missian weinhuegel
missian weinhuegel

History of wine

How the delicious beverage conquered the area of Appiano and surroundings.

Wine is a historical semi-luxury food. Let’s make a journey back in time: about 8,000 years ago the first fermented juice was drunk in Persia and Mesopotamia. Wine has always been a popular drink and is also considered to be the drink of gods. In fact, still today it is very popular. In several areas, also in South Tyrol, people started dedicating themselves to agriculture and the production of wines.

In this beauty spot of land the climate is perfect for cultivating various types of wine. The Alps prevent raw climate from reaching this area, whereas warm air comes from the south and favours the cultivation of the flavourful grapes. Did you know that grapes need a temperature of 15 degrees or more to ripe?

South Tyrol is one of the oldest wine growing areas in the German-speaking area. Findings and pictures testify that already 5 centuries BC. people used to enjoy drinking wine in this area.

In the 1st century BC the wine came to the upper Valle dell’Adige. Probably the Illyrians brought the new plant into the country. About one and a half centuries BC. the Rhaetians used to store the wine in wooden containers instead of stoneware jugs.

In Middle Ages the monasteries and church institutions where those who practised viticulture in our area.

In the 19th century the grape mildew and leaf spot, which attacks the plants, was “imported” from America. In addition, at the turn of the century, there was also the vine pest. In this period of time the vine-growing sector experienced its greatest crisis. For this reason the acreage has been drastically reduced. The second word war, however, represented another setback for this sector. After WWII, for the vine-growers it was time to develop new ideas and to somehow boom the wine growing sector. Different types of wine, particularly the “Schiava” used to be very popular abroad. This wine, which is a very light one, was cultivated in the most vineyards and was also very well sold.

Since the nineties winegrowers and wine consortiums increasingly put emphasis on quality rather than to focus on quantity. Different types of wine were cultivated, adapting also the cultivated types of grapes to the soil. The cultivation was better organised, planned and channelled in order to achieve high standard quality.

Today, in the third millennium, about 1,100 hectares of a total of 5,000 vine-growing hectares of South Tyrol are cultivated in Appiano only. This market municipality occupies the greatest connected surface of vineyards in South Tyrol. Already for centuries the wineries of Appiano convinced with their sophisticated products.

Also in Caldaro the cult of the wine village has become very important. “Wein.kaltern” is the consortium which cares about the creative market management of the huge variety of wines in the municipality.

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